Aruba belongs to the "Lesser Antilles", a group of islands that geographically belongs to South America. Together with Bonaire and Curaçao Aruba, which lies only a few kilometers off the coast of Venezuela, belongs to the "ABC islands". These islands belong politically to the Kingdom of the Netherlands, but are autonomous states. Nevertheless, the Dutch king is head of state and Dutch is one of the official languages. However, most inhabitants speak a creole language called Papiamento, and English is also often spoken. The climate on Aruba is temperate tropical and quite dry. The northeast trade wind blows here constantly, however, this wind already rains its humidity on the offshore "islands above the wind". The "islands below the wind" therefore have a rather dry climate. Tropical cyclones, called hurricanes, also come to Aruba only very rarely. For this reason, among others, the island is frequently visited by cruise ships.
The island, which is only 180 km² in size, is a popular destination for a beach vacation, but water sports enthusiasts also swear by the enchanting diving spots and the fascinating surfing opportunities. The island is very flat, the highest mountain Jamanota with 188 meters can be seen from the whole island. Instead of mountains, Aruba has kilometers of long, white sand beaches, in front of which sparkles azure, bathtub-warm water. The most famous beach - and also one of the most popular surfing spots - is Palm Beach, located in the northeast. It is also known as Fisherman's Hut. Definitely worth a visit is the charming capital Oranjestad with its bright white colonial-style buildings. The most prominent landmark is probably the California Lighthouse, from which visitors have a wide view over the western part of the island. Arikok Park is a great place for hiking and biking.
Average temperatures vary only slightly over the course of a year. On average, it is about 28 °C warm on Aruba, with the cooling northeast trade wind usually providing a fresh breeze. In the winter months from October to February, the temperature is usually around 25 to 26 °C, while in the summer months temperatures level off at around 30 °C. The rainy season, in contrast to the summer months, is also mild. The rainy season is also very dry, unlike other Caribbean islands. On average, only 500 milliliters of precipitation fall per year. Most of the rainy days occur between October and February, otherwise visitors can expect six to seven hours of sunshine a day throughout the year.