The Chinese capital is located only 150 kilometers from the coast. Thus, the current weather is influenced both from there and from the Mongolian desert lying to the north. The urban area, which lies on a plateau only slightly above sea level, is located in a strip known meteorologically as the West Wind Belt. As a result, the entire climate is dominated by the inner Chinese land masses and can be classified as continental overall. Because of these special geographical conditions, the direction of the wind is crucial for temperatures and precipitation. If it comes from the north, it brings cold, heat and sand from the desert; from the east, the humidity of the sea; from the west, a moderate climate; and from the south, mild temperatures even in winter. The differences between north and south wind can make up to 15° Celsius in the cold season.
Beijing or in the modern Pinyin transcription Beijing is the political center of China and also culturally of high importance. Already more than 600 years ago, the inner area of the Forbidden City was built here, where the emperor of the great empire resided with different interruptions. In front of the entrance today is the Tian An Men, which is exactly translated "Gate of Heavenly Peace" and not "Square". The name of the largest public square in the world refers to the corresponding gate from the imperial era. Numerous other cultural attractions include various museums on different fields such as military or natural sciences, art and history, temples such as the Temple of the Moon, the alleys of the old city known as Hutong, or events such as theater, operas and concerts.
Winter temperatures from December to February can get very cold, dropping as low as -25° Celsius. Although this period is basically very dry, it does snow on some days. Thaws are comparatively rare. Spring and autumn are relatively short, each comprising about two months of rapidly warming or cooling weather. Many visitors say that this is the most favorable time to visit Beijing, as it is both relatively dry and mild. Summer, on the other hand, is warm and winds from the south and east bring high humidity to the city. This leads to heavy rainfall in July and August, which accounts for more than half of the annual rainfall. Due to the permanent cloud cover, the number of sunshine hours also drops to an almost winter level during this period.