Chennai, today also called Chennai, is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu in southeastern India. The city on the Bay of Bengal is located on a flat coastal plain just a few meters above sea level. The terrain consists largely of shale, clay and sandstone. Traces of granite also attest to the volcanic past of the landscape. There are isolated hills to the southwest of the city, and two rivers flow through Chennai, connected by a canal to the west of the city. The climate is tropically warm to hot thanks to its proximity to the equator. The maritime location prevents large temperature fluctuations and provides seasonal cooling by ocean winds. A major influence on the climate of Chennai is the summer and northeast monsoons, which provide most of the annual rainfall.
Thanks to its tropical climate, Chennai is especially popular with seaside vacationers. The city is home to Marina Beach, the longest beach in India and one of the longest beaches in the world. Another superlative is the Vandalur Zoo, the largest animal park in India. In addition, Chennai fascinates with its religious sites: Especially the neo-Gothic St. Thomas Basilica and the colorful Kapalelshwarar Temple with its countless colorful figures captivate visitors. Chennai' colonial past is also still evident today, for example in the majestic Fort St. George or the neoclassical Ripon Building with its gleaming white facade. Those interested in space travel and technology will enjoy the Birla Planetarium, while shoppers should pay a visit to the sprawling Spencer Plaza mall. Visitors can relax at Chetpak Eco Park, a lake in the middle of the city that invites visitors to go hiking and boating. Guindy National Park is also located in the middle of Madras: the green lung of the city offers a variety of flora and fauna to discover. In addition, there are playgrounds and children can ride ponies and elephants.
The climate of Chennai is determined by three seasons. Winter begins in November and is characterized by pleasantly warm temperatures and moderate rainfall. In this period Chennai records the most visitors. January is the coldest month. Rainfall decreases steadily thereafter, reaching its lowest level in March, while temperatures rise. April to June are the hottest months of the year, with the highest temperatures reached in May. Only at night does a cool sea breeze provide refreshment. The summer monsoon between July and August replenishes the city's water reserves and allows vegetation to sprout. The rainfall continues to increase until the end of August and drops slightly in September, just like the temperature. Finally, October marks the beginning of the winter or northeast monsoon, which is responsible for most of the annual rainfall. Cyclones and floods coming from the Bay of Bengal can also occur during this time. Rainfall peaks in November and decreases significantly in December. Temperatures also drop again for the winter season.