The largely mountainous Dominican Republic is located on the 76,480 km² Caribbean island of Hispaniola and shares both the island and a 388 kilometer border with its small neighbor Haiti. It is tropically warm in the north, with an average air temperature of 29 °C. Even in winter it does not get cooler than about 16 °C. The humidity is very high. The southern regions, on the other hand, are drier because they are in the rain shadow of the Cordillera Central mountains. Winters on the south coast are warmer on average than in the north. Especially between June and November, the Dominican Republic is hit by tropical cyclones.
The Dominican Republic has much more to offer than sun, beach and bathtub-warm sea. Among the worthwhile destinations is the capital Santo Domingo. Here you can visit the Cathedral of Santa Maria de la Encarnacio, the oldest church in the Americas. It and the entire colonial-style old town are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The town of La Isabela should be familiar to culturally interested visitors. The former settlement was founded by Christopher Columbus in 1492. Today, archaeological remains and a museum can still be visited. Another very popular tourist attraction is the town of Monte Cristi. The nearby national parks attract divers from all over the world, especially because of their unique diving areas. Probably the most famous national park in the country is Los Haitises, which can only be reached from the water. It impresses with its pristine, extensive mangrove forests. The most beautiful beaches, on the other hand, can be found in the province of Samaná.
In the Dominican Republic, typical of tropical regions, there are no seasons. Instead, rainy seasons alternate with dry seasons. In addition, the average temperatures differ from region to region. In the south, it is significantly warmer and drier than in the north. Between May and November it is about 32 °C hot here, and at the same time there are about 11 rainy days in this period. At night it rarely gets cooler than 23 °C. In the significantly cooler and also more humid north, the rainy season falls in the months between November and January, with temperatures reaching 30 °C at most. In the mountains, which are up to 3000 meters high, temperatures can also drop below freezing at night.