The climate year of Germany
The climate is structured by its mountains and flat landscapes. The distance to the sea and the height of the terrain is decisive for the temperatures in the respective area. Lowlands have a particularly warm, dry climate with lots of sunshine, while higher areas are cool and have high precipitation. Throughout the year, westerly winds bring moist air masses from the Atlantic, which then turn into rain. The mildest climate in Germany is in the Upper Rhine Graben, and several river valleys, such as the Saale and Elbe, are particularly warm and dry. The warmest winters are found in the Lower Rhine, as this area has a very low altitude and is closest to the sea. Due to the great distance from the sea, it is dry in the east of Germany, but the low precipitation and low temperatures are sufficient to maintain the forest in Mecklenburg and Brandenburg.
General information about Germany
On a trip through Germany, one will not be able to see all of the many sights that have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. However, if the visitor stays at Lake Constance, he can visit the nine prehistoric pile dwellings on the shore of Lake Constance, and another nine in Upper Swabia, Augsburg and at Lake Starnberg, all of which are almost 7,000 years old. In Cologne, one of the most important cathedrals was built in 1248 and was considered the largest building in the world until 1880. Treasures from 6,000 years of the past can be seen in the five buildings of Berlin's Museum Island, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. Aachen Cathedral was added to the UNESCO list in 1978. For 600 years, all the coronations of German emperors took place here. The UNESCO World Heritage Site also includes the Wadden Sea with approximately 10,000 km² of habitat for animals and plants, which is made up of protected areas in Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony, Hamburg, Denmark and the Netherlands.
Here on the coasts of the North Sea and Baltic Sea there is often a strong wind, although the climate is rather mild due to the water. Even in summer, the climate on the North Sea is considered harsh, as strong winds often blow, with the Baltic coasts having calmer and sunnier climates. Harsh climates with low temperatures, high precipitation and strong winds also apply to the Harz Mountains, the Black Forest and the Bavarian Forest. January is the coldest month with an average of 5 degrees in the west and 1.4 degrees in the south. The sunniest month in the north is June, and July in the rest of Germany. The sunniest region is the south, with an annual average of 4.6 hours of sunshine per day, compared to only 4.1 hours in the north and west. Highs are 23.6 degrees in July in the east and 22.3 degrees in August in the north.