It is exciting that the country is geographically and geologically assigned to different continents. Israel is located in the Near East, but geologically it is part of the East African Rift Valley.
With a length of only 470 kilometers and a width of 15 to 135 kilometers, Israel is surprisingly small. The different landscape characteristics and climatic zones are therefore all the more impressive. The climate is mainly influenced by the Negev Desert and the Mediterranean Sea. However, it is also worth noting the Jordan Rift Valley in eastern Israel, which also contains the Dead Sea at an altitude of 418 meters below sea level. However, the foothills of the Lebanon Mountains also bring hilly landscape regions to Israel.
Travelers have been flocking to Israel for very more than 2,000 years. The country fascinates on the one hand with a highly interesting history, but on the other hand also with modernity in Tel Aviv and spectacular landscapes.
Many tourists are attracted primarily to Jerusalem to visit the many religious sites. These include, above all, the Wailing Wall, the Dome of the Rock, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, the Temple Mount and the Mount of Olives. In the immediate vicinity of the city is also the lowest point on earth, the Dead Sea, which invites you to float with warm temperatures all year round.
With a mix of modern and oriental, the coastal metropolis of Tel Aviv entices visitors to relax on the Mediterranean. A little further north, the subterranean fortress city of Akko is impressive. From there, it is not far to the Church of the Annunciation in Nazareth. Divers should also note Israel's access to the Red Sea.
The southern area of the Negev Desert, which borders the Red Sea coast, always offers a constant hot climate. Subtropical dryness prevails, precipitation is hardly to be expected. The temperature fluctuations are relatively small, but in accordance with a desert climate, they are clearly visible between day and night.
The climate is different in the north of the country and near Jerusalem. With mild winter temperatures averaging 15 degrees, January begins as the month with the most precipitation of the year. At this time, downright torrents often form. Especially the valleys and river courses, also called wadis, near Jerusalem are then difficult to access. January and February are considered the coldest months of the year.
In March, one notices that the rain decreases again and it also becomes warmer. Often April and May are praised as optimal travel months, because the big heat is still absent.
In June it warms up already very much. Especially in the north, the Mediterranean climate brings high humidity. The months of July and August are considered a dry period throughout the country. Temperatures of up to 40 degrees are not uncommon. The Mediterranean Sea reaches its highest water temperature in August. There is hardly any precipitation. Nevertheless, it can happen that it suddenly rains torrentially.
From September on, the temperatures become more bearable again. The daily hours of sunshine decrease. Since the water is still pleasantly warm, the period from mid-September to the end of October is an excellent time to travel. However, from October on, increased rainfall must be expected again, with the amount of precipitation increasing until the end of the year.