Madrid is home to about 3.2 million people, after London and Berlin Madrid is the third largest city in Europe. For centuries, Madrid has been the cultural, geographical and political center of Spain. The city is the seat of the king, the Spanish government and important military and administrative authorities. Madrid is home to a variety of cultural institutions, colleges, museums, theaters and six public universities. The inhabitants of Madrid are called Madrilenians or Madridians. Although the capital is located on the same latitude as New York, the climate is very balanced.
If you want to discover Madrid, you should definitely visit the Thyssen-Bornemisza, the Prado and the Reina Sofía. These three collections of sculptures and paintings contain valuable treasures of art history and are located right in the center of the city. The historic center exudes life and harmony, and those who stroll along the rows of houses will be delighted by the appealing architecture of the buildings. The Plaza Mayor is the central square of the city, where the Habsburgs once held celebrations, heresy burnings and bullfights. And the old train station building is definitely worth a visit as well. In the building, which has been converted into a greenhouse, you can relax with a coffee and enjoy the atmosphere. For soccer fans, the world-famous Bernabeu Stadium is a must. Opera and theater lovers will enjoy the Teatro de la Comedia and Teatro Español, where classical works by great Spanish masters are performed. Another impressive sight is the monastery Descalzas Reales, which houses a beautiful collection of paintings and numerous frescoes.
Due to its altitude of 680 meters, Madrid is the highest situated capital city in Europe. The climate is continental in character. Winters in Madrid are colder than in the Mediterranean, summers are dry and warm. During the winter months of November, December, January and February, temperatures range between 1 °C and 8 °C. It rains about 8 days per month during this period. The average amount of precipitation is 50 liters. In spring - March, April and May the temperatures are between 7 °C and 21 °C. Rain falls on average on 7 days during these months. From June to September the temperatures are between 15°C and 31°C, rain falls very little in summer. The sun shines an average of 11 hours per day during the summer months. Humidity in Madrid is around 70 percent in winter, and rarely rises above 50 percent in summer.