Mumbai is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the largest city on the subcontinent. The coastal metropolis is located on the Arabian Sea, on the Salsette Peninsula. Originally, the southern part of Salsette consisted of seven islands, on which the first settlements were founded. Gradually, the islands were connected by filling and today's Mumbai expanded from the southern end to the north. Mumbai's climate is determined by its tropical location and proximity to the sea: Temperatures vary little throughout the year and are tropically warm. Mumbai's climate is particularly influenced by the summer monsoon, which provides heavy rainfall and also flooding, while high temperatures with low humidity prevail in the dry season.
Mumbai, as part of the British Empire, was once an important port city, which can be seen especially in the historic old town: Here, the colonial splendor is strongly reminiscent of London - if it weren't for the many palm trees and the colorful hustle and bustle in the streets. In addition to the famous Arc de Triomphe, the Gateway of India, the old city also houses the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the largest train station in the city and, after the Taj Mahal, the most photographed landmark in India. On the coast is Marine Drive, Mumbai's popular beach promenade - also called The Queen's Necklace because of its many lights. Further north are the younger parts of the city, such as Dhobi Ghat, the largest laundry in the world. Relaxation is best sought in Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the city's green lung. Here you will also find the famous Kanheri Caves carved into the sandstone. Even further north, a ferry takes you to the golden Global Vipassana Pagoda, one of the Buddhist wonders of the world. Just a few minutes away is Essel World, India's largest amusement park.
January is the coldest month in Mumbai and is characterized by mostly clear skies and pleasant temperatures. The wind coming from the north provides cooling. February can bring isolated rain showers, temperatures remain pleasantly warm. In mid-March the change from dry to warm and humid climate takes place and hot air from Gujarat causes a significant increase in temperatures. In April it remains hot and humid. Temperatures reach their maximum in the month of May, with only the sea breeze cooling the air somewhat. Finally, June marks the beginning of the monsoon and brings not only increased humidity but also thunderstorms and strong winds. The rainfall increases steadily, causing vegetation to sprout. In July, the month with the most rain, the sun hides almost completely and flooding can occur. The situation is similar in August. Rain and sunshine can now alternate abruptly. In September, the amount of rain decreases. At the end of the monsoon season, strong winds and thunderstorms occur again. In October, it remains warm during the day, but the nights become colder. In November, the mercury drops steadily and there may be sporadic rain, whereas in December the humidity is very low.