In the south of the country, between the desert and the Red Sea, lies the city of Sharm el Sheikh. The tourist oasis is located south of the Sinai highlands and stretches north-south along the Red Sea coast, roughly between the Strait of Tiran and the Gulf of Suez. The distance to the Egyptian capital Cairo is about 490 km. The Red Sea region is a much visited seaside resort and is known for its unique natural paradise. Numerous sandy beaches, turquoise waters and exotic coral reefs attract numerous vacationers to the city every year. The proximity to the desert clearly influences the climate in Sharm el Sheikh: low rainfall and temperature differences of over 20 degrees between day and night are characteristic of this area. The dry desert climate brings warm to hot temperatures of 20 to 40 degrees all year round. Rainy days are rare and are usually absent in summer.
With about 35,000 inhabitants, Sharm el Sheikh is one of the largest cities in Egypt and is strongly influenced by tourism. Colorful underwater landscapes and the finest sandy beaches make the place especially popular with beach and bathing holidaymakers. A popular diving destination is the wreck of the Thistlegorm, located about 40 km to the west, probably the best known and most popular wreck in the Red Sea. Numerous restaurants and markets, discos, golf clubs, hotel and fast food chains are located in the town. In addition, various activities and cultural experiences offer a welcome change for culturally interested and travelers. Due to the diversity of the population, there is a Coptic Orthodox Church of All Saints in Sharm el Sheikh, in addition to various mosques. The Ras Mohammed National Park was founded to protect the ecosystem and can only be entered with official permission. The international airport is located in direct proximity to the center north-east of the city and is the second largest airport in Egypt after Cairo.
The climate in Sharm el Sheikh is subtropical and hot-dry due to its proximity to the Red Sea. Sharm el Sheikh is one of the warmest cities in Egypt and is a year-round destination. The main season is the spring and autumn months. In spring, daytime temperatures range from 25 degrees in March to 35 degrees in April and May. It can cool down significantly at night, so a light jacket is recommended for your luggage. In the summertime, from June to September, temperatures climb to an annual high of up to 37 degrees. Excursions and round trips can then be very strenuous. With water temperatures of 23 to 28 degrees and up to 11 hours of sunshine per day, it remains extremely warm at night with temperatures above 26 degrees. In the fall, temperatures drop to as low as 27 degrees during the day, and the water temperature remains pleasantly warm at an average of 25 degrees. In the winter months of December to February, temperatures in Sharm El Sheikh are around 23 degrees. At night it cools down to 13 degrees, but the water temperature does not fall below 20 degrees. If you are interested in round trips and culture, a visit in January or February is recommended. The sun shines extremely strong in Sharm el Sheikh with an average of over ten hours per day. Only from December to February the sunshine time drops to eight hours a day. Precipitation is almost never, the probability of rain is less than 10 percent throughout the year.