According to legend, Christopher Columbus discovered the 616.3 square kilometer Caribbean island on a December 13, the day of the Catholic saint and queen of lights St. Lucia. The island belongs to the "Lesser Antilles" and, like Barbados, St. Vincent, Martinique and Grenada, is one of the "islands above the wind". The term refers to a group of islands that are strongly under the influence of the northeast trade wind. In addition, St. Lucia's landscape is very mountainous, which is why it rains more and more frequently here on average than on other Caribbean islands. However, most of them are very short but heavy showers, which bring a welcome cooling in the tropical heat. St. Lucia is located quite close to the equator, which is why it can get very hot. However, the high temperatures are moderated by constantly blowing winds. The annual average temperature is about 27 °C. The island state belongs, just like other Caribbean islands, to the British Commonwealth. The official head of state is the British Queen, and the official language is English.
The pretty capital Castries, picturesquely nestled in a deep bay, is located in the northwest of the island. The city has burned down several times, which is why there is not too much left of the original colonial architecture. However, the well-preserved Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, which dates from 1897, is worth seeing. At Pointe Seraphine is the large port where numerous export goods (the island's main export is bananas) are handled daily, but also where the large cruise ships drop anchor. Nearby is one of the most popular beaches on St. Lucia, The Vigie Beach. An equally popular destination is located on the southern outskirts of town. Morne Fortune offers a fantastic view of the entire city and its surroundings. The breathtaking landscape around the two mountains Petit Piton and Gros Piton, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is not to be missed. The famous Saint Lucia Jazz Festival takes place on Pigeon Island.
The best time to visit Saint Lucia is outside the rainy season between January and April. During this time it rains on average 15 days a month. It is significantly wetter during the rainy season between June and November, when rain falls on at least 21 days per month. During these months, the probability of a tropical cyclone is also increased, because St. Lucia is located in the so-called hurricane belt. In the winter months, the average temperature is about 27 °C, with a maximum of 20 ° C cool at night. In summer, the average temperature is about 29 °C. The climate in Saint Lucia differs depending on its location. On the coast, the tropical temperatures are cooled by the steady wind, while in the rainforest it is hot and extremely humid.