Belize is a former British colony and the only English-speaking country in South America. In 1961 a hurricane devastated the capital Belize City, so then in 1970 Belmopan became the new capital. Many of the houses in this large construction project were architecturally modeled after Mayan buildings. Off the coast in the Caribbean Sea are numerous small islands, the so-called cayes, which are rarely inhabited and largely covered with mangrove forests. Belize is especially rich in flora and fauna. The jaguar is one of the most spectacular animals in Belize. In the densely forested parts of the country grow over 200 different species of orchids, many of which are found nowhere else.
Belize is especially popular with surfers for its perfect beaches. The clean white sandy beach with fine sand flows into the second largest coral reefs in the world. Divers can observe here, the amazing biodiversity of fish, shells and reef plants. The water is pleasantly warm all year round. About an hour's drive southeast of the capital, there is a large nature reserve where you can observe rare butterflies and river crocodiles, among other things. A special highlight is a ruined city north of Belize City called Altun Ha: the buildings in it are about 3000 years old and date back to the Mayan period. The highest and most magnificent still preserved building is with 16 high temple. For visitors with children, Belize Zoo offers the country's rich flora and fauna in a limited area.
In Belize, a warm coastal wind blows directly inland from the Caribbean all year round. Due to the sea air, the humidity is pleasant. From September to November there is a rainy season in Belize, which is typical for the tropics. Even if it does not rain all the time, the humidity is always very high and the air is oppressive. Even during the rainy season, temperatures are still tropically pleasant, but it is best to plan your travels between February and May, which is the dry season in Belize. In the mountains there is also rain in June and July. In general, it is noticeably cooler in the mountain regions compared to the rest of the country, especially in the evening hours it can get almost emfindlich cold there. In August a special phenomenon can be observed: The so-called short dry season provides a few nice weeks before the rainy season begins.