A total of about 15 islands belong to the island republic of Cape Verde, which has been independent since 1975, although only nine of them are actually inhabited. The largest of them is the approximately 991 km² island of Santiago, where the capital Praia is also located. About 500,000 people live on the sunny islands, and tourism, which is developing only slowly, is one of the main sources of income for the islanders. Significant agriculture is not possible in the very dry Sahel climate, so more than 90 percent of food must be imported. Geographically, the Cape Verde Islands belong to the Sahel, one of the driest regions on earth. Rain is also extremely rare in Cape Verde, but the climate is much milder and cooler due to its location in the Atlantic Ocean. The temperature differences between day and night as well as between the seasons are hardly pronounced. Furthermore, the climate of the islands is composed by the northeast trade wind. The northern islands belong to the "Ilhas de Barlavento" (Islands above the wind), they face the wind. The "Ilhas de Sotavento", the southern islands, on the other hand, belong to the islands under the wind, i.e. they are only slightly influenced by the northeast trade wind.
Tourism is not very developed on Cape Verde, so the island is a real insider tip, especially for surfers and divers. Due to the favorable winds, surfers find ideal conditions. The rich underwater world as well as the numerous wrecks off the coast make the archipelago an extremely interesting diving spot for divers from all over the world. The tourist centers are Boavista and Sal, the latter with volcanic beaches in the north and fine white sand beaches in the south. The long beaches of the Cape Verde Islands are largely deserted and often consist of fine Saharan sand. On the island of Boa Vista, countless sea turtles can be observed from July to October.
The Cape Verdean winter lasts from January to April. During this period, the maximum temperatures are approximately between 18 and 23 °C. The Cape Verdean summer, on the other hand, can be very hot, reaching up to 31 °C, especially during the months of July to October. The rainy season also falls in this period, although even in these months there are only a few short rain showers. Mostly the showers are over after only a few minutes. Surfers find the best surfing conditions from January to May, when the wind is particularly strong. The most sunshine hours are in the months of March to May.