The climate year of Bulgaria
In the north of Bulgaria, the Danube lowland forms the border with Romania. South of it, the Balkan Mountains with their numerous caves and gorges cross the country from west to east. While snowy winters dominate on the northern side, snowfalls are rare on the southern side. South of it is the Upper Thracian or Maritsa lowland. Here, the influence of the sea already ensures mild winters, plenty of rain in spring and hot summers. In the border area with Greece and Turkey - due to the proximity to the Aegean Sea - the Mediterranean climate is intensified. In the south of the country there are three more high mountains - Rila, Pirin and Rhodopes. In the Rhodope Mountains, Musala is the highest mountain of the Balkan Peninsula with 2900 meters. The Black Sea coast of Bulgaria has a Mediterranean climate. Since the wind blows mostly from the east, the summers are pleasantly warm, the winters are rainy but mild.
General information about Bulgaria
Bulgaria has three national parks, eleven nature parks and 55 nature reserves. In addition, the country offers impressive historical and architectural sights. For example, the Thracian burial mounds have been dated to the 2nd millennium BC. The goldsmith's works of the Thracians, which also date back to this time, testify to the artistry of this ancient people. Bulgaria also boasts numerous churches. The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in the capital Sofia is particularly impressive. The gilded domes add to the charm of this landmark. The early medieval life-size rock relief "Horseman of Madara" in northeastern Bulgaria dates from the 8th century and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Black Sea coast with the famous Gold Beach and many small islands and resorts invites you to swim and relax.
Bulgaria is divided into different climatic zones by its geographical conditions. The Balkan Mountains form a distinctive weather divide. North of it, European continental climate prevails, while south of it Mediterranean climate dominates. Generally speaking, summers are very hot and dry with few rainy days. Winters, on the other hand, are very cold and often snowy. Winds from the north often cause weather fluctuations in the interior of the country. Depending on the weather and the region, temperatures can drop sharply in winter.
Depending on what kind of vacation you want to spend in Bulgaria, there are different months to travel. Winter sports enthusiasts can expect ideal snow conditions in November, December, January and February, which usually last until March at high altitudes in the mountains. For sightseeing and city tours in Bulgaria, the spring months of March, April and May and October are ideal. At these times of the year, the climate in the cities is pleasantly mild, but temperatures are still in the double digits. In the months of June, July, August and September, the weather on the Black Sea is summery warm, with a light breeze blowing near the coast, making the air temperatures more bearable. The water is also at a pleasant bathing temperature. Summer is also ideal for a cruise on the Danube. In the heights of the Bulgarian mountains it is pleasant to hike even in summer. The months of September and October are suitable for activities such as hiking or mountain biking.